Overview

Design philosophy

kitty is designed for power keyboard users. To that end all its controls work with the keyboard (although it fully supports mouse interactions as well). Its configuration is a simple, human editable, single file for easy reproducibility (I like to store configuration in source control).

The code in kitty is designed to be simple, modular and hackable. It is written in a mix of C (for performance sensitive parts) and Python (for easy hackability of the UI). It does not depend on any large and complex UI toolkit, using only OpenGL for rendering everything.

Finally, kitty is designed from the ground up to support all modern terminal features, such as unicode, true color, bold/italic fonts, text formatting, etc. It even extends existing text formatting escape codes, to add support for features not available elsewhere, such as colored and styled (curly) underlines. One of the design goals of kitty is to be easily extensible so that new features can be added in the future with relatively little effort.

Tabs and Windows

kitty is capable of running multiple programs organized into tabs and windows. The top level of organization is the Tab. Each tab consists of one or more windows. The windows can be arranged in multiple different layouts, like windows are organized in a tiling window manager. The keyboard controls (which are all customizable) for tabs and windows are:

Scrolling

Action

Shortcut

Scroll line up

ctrl+shift+up (also ⌥+⌘+⇞ and ⌘+↑ on macOS)

Scroll line down

ctrl+shift+down (also ⌥+⌘+⇟ and ⌘+↓ on macOS)

Scroll page up

ctrl+shift+page_up (also ⌘+⇞ on macOS)

Scroll page down

ctrl+shift+page_down (also ⌘+⇟ on macOS)

Scroll to top

ctrl+shift+home (also ⌘+↖ on macOS)

Scroll to bottom

ctrl+shift+end (also ⌘+↘ on macOS)

Tabs

Action

Shortcut

New tab

ctrl+shift+t (also ⌘+t on macOS)

Close tab

ctrl+shift+q (also ⌘+w on macOS)

Next tab

ctrl+shift+right (also ^+⇥ and ⇧+⌘+] on macOS)

Previous tab

ctrl+shift+left (also ⇧+^+⇥ and ⇧+⌘+[ on macOS)

Next layout

ctrl+shift+l

Move tab forward

ctrl+shift+.

Move tab backward

ctrl+shift+,

Set tab title

ctrl+shift+alt+t (also ⇧+⌘+i on macOS)

Windows

Action

Shortcut

New window

ctrl+shift+enter (also ⌘+↩ on macOS)

New OS window

ctrl+shift+n (also ⌘+n on macOS)

Close window

ctrl+shift+w (also ⇧+⌘+d on macOS)

Next window

ctrl+shift+]

Previous window

ctrl+shift+[

Move window forward

ctrl+shift+f

Move window backward

ctrl+shift+b

Move window to top

ctrl+shift+`

Focus specific window

ctrl+shift+1, ctrl+shift+2ctrl+shift+0 (also ⌘+1, ⌘+2⌘+9 on macOS) (clockwise from the top-left)

Additionally, you can define shortcuts in kitty.conf to focus neighboring windows and move windows around (similar to window movement in vim):

map ctrl+left neighboring_window left
map shift+left move_window right
map ctrl+down neighboring_window down
map shift+down move_window up
...

You can also define a shortcut to switch to the previously active window:

map ctrl+p nth_window -1

nth_window will focus the nth window for positive numbers and the previously active windows for negative numbers.

You can define shortcuts to detach the current window and move it to another tab or another OS window:

# moves the window into a new OS window
map ctrl+f2 detach_window
# moves the window into a new Tab
map ctrl+f3 detach_window new-tab
# moves the window into the previously active tab
map ctrl+f3 detach_window tab-prev
# moves the window into the tab at the left of the active tab
map ctrl+f3 detach_window tab-left
# asks which tab to move the window into
map ctrl+f4 detach_window ask

Similarly, you can detach the current tab, with:

# moves the tab into a new OS window
map ctrl+f2 detach_tab
# asks which OS Window to move the tab into
map ctrl+f4 detach_tab ask

Finally, you can define a shortcut to close all windows in a tab other than the currently active window:

map f9 close_other_windows_in_tab

Other keyboard shortcuts

The full list of actions that can be mapped to key presses is available here.

Action

Shortcut

Copy to clipboard

ctrl+shift+c (also ⌘+c on macOS)

Paste from clipboard

ctrl+shift+v (also ⌘+v on macOS)

Paste from selection

ctrl+shift+s

Increase font size

ctrl+shift+equal (also ⌘++ on macOS)

Decrease font size

ctrl+shift+minus (also ⌘+- on macOS)

Restore font size

ctrl+shift+backspace (also ⌘+0 on macOS)

Toggle fullscreen

ctrl+shift+f11 (also ^+⌘+f on macOS)

Toggle maximized

ctrl+shift+f10

Input unicode character

ctrl+shift+u (also ^+⌘+space on macOS)

Click URL using the keyboard

ctrl+shift+e

Reset the terminal

ctrl+shift+delete

Reload kitty.conf

ctrl+shift+f5 (also ^+⌘+f5 on macOS)

Debug kitty.conf

ctrl+shift+f6 (also ⌘+option+f6 on macOS)

Pass current selection to program

ctrl+shift+o

Edit kitty config file

ctrl+shift+f2

Open a kitty shell

ctrl+shift+escape

Increase background opacity

ctrl+shift+a>m

Decrease background opacity

ctrl+shift+a>l

Full background opacity

ctrl+shift+a>1

Reset background opacity

ctrl+shift+a>d

Configuring kitty

kitty is highly configurable, everything from keyboard shortcuts to painting frames-per-second. Press ctrl+shift+f2 in kitty to open its fully commented sample config file in your text editor. For details see the configuration docs.

Layouts

A layout is an arrangement of multiple kitty windows inside a top-level OS window. The layout manages all its windows automatically, resizing and moving them as needed. You can create a new window using the ctrl+shift+enter key combination.

Currently, there are seven layouts available:

  • Fat – One (or optionally more) windows are shown full width on the top, the rest of the windows are shown side-by-side on the bottom

  • Grid – All windows are shown in a grid

  • Horizontal – All windows are shown side-by-side

  • Splits – Windows arranged in arbitrary patterns created using horizontal and vertical splits

  • Stack – Only a single maximized window is shown at a time

  • Tall – One (or optionally more) windows are shown full height on the left, the rest of the windows are shown one below the other on the right

  • Vertical – All windows are shown one below the other

By default, all layouts are enabled and you can switch between layouts using the ctrl+shift+l key combination. You can also create shortcuts to select particular layouts, and choose which layouts you want to enable/disable, see Layout management for examples. The first layout listed in enabled_layouts becomes the default layout.

For more details on the layouts and how to use them see the documentation.

Extending kitty

kitty has a powerful framework for scripting. You can create small terminal programs called kittens. These can used to add features to kitty, for example, editing remote files or inputting unicode characters. They can also be used to create programs that leverage kitty’s powerful features, for example, viewing images or diffing files with images.

You can create your own kittens to scratch your own itches.

For a list of all the builtin kittens, see here.

Remote control

kitty has a very powerful system that allows you to control it from the shell prompt, even over SSH. You can change colors, fonts, open new windows, tabs, set their titles, change window layout, get text from one window and send text to another, etc, etc. The possibilities are endless. See the tutorial to get started.

Startup Sessions

You can control the tabs, :term:`kitty window <window> layout, working directory, startup programs, etc. by creating a “session” file and using the kitty --session command line flag or the startup_session option in kitty.conf. For example:

# Set the layout for the current tab
layout tall
# Set the working directory for windows in the current tab
cd ~
# Create a window and run the specified command in it
launch zsh
# Create a window with some environment variables set and run
# vim in it
launch --env FOO=BAR vim
# Set the title for the next window
launch --title "Chat with x" irssi --profile x

# Create a new tab (the part after new_tab is the optional tab
# name which will be displayed in the tab bar, if omitted, the
# title of the active window will be used instead)
new_tab my tab
cd ~/somewhere
# Set the layouts allowed in this tab
enabled_layouts tall, stack
# Set the current layout
layout stack
launch zsh

# Create a new OS window
new_os_window
# set new window size to 80x25 cells
os_window_size 80c 25c
# set the --class for the new OS window
os_window_class mywindow
launch sh
# Make the current window the active (focused) window
focus
launch emacs

Note

The launch command when used in a session file cannot create new OS windows, or tabs.

Creating tabs/windows

kitty can be told to run arbitrary programs in new tabs, windows or overlays at a keypress. To learn how to do this, see here.

Mouse features

  • You can click on a URL to open it in a browser.

  • You can double click to select a word and then drag to select more words.

  • You can triple click to select a line and then drag to select more lines.

  • You can triple click while holding ctrl+alt to select from clicked point to end of line.

  • You can right click to extend a previous selection.

  • You can hold down ctrl+alt and drag with the mouse to select in columns.

  • Selecting text automatically copies it to the primary clipboard (on platforms with a primary clipboard).

  • You can middle click to paste from the primary clipboard (on platforms with a primary clipboard).

  • You can select text with kitty even when a terminal program has grabbed the mouse by holding down the shift key.

All these actions can be customized in kitty.conf as described here.

You can also customize what happens when clicking on hyperlinks in kitty, having it open files in your editor, download remote files, open things in your browser, etc.

For details, see here.

Font control

kitty has extremely flexible and powerful font selection features. You can specify individual families for the regular, bold, italic and bold+italic fonts. You can even specify specific font families for specific ranges of unicode characters. This allows precise control over text rendering. It can come in handy for applications like powerline, without the need to use patched fonts. See the various font related configuration directives in Fonts.

The scrollback buffer

kitty supports scrolling back to view history, just like most terminals. You can use either keyboard shortcuts or the mouse scroll wheel to do so. However, kitty has an extra, neat feature. Sometimes you need to explore the scrollback buffer in more detail, maybe search for some text or refer to it side-by-side while typing in a follow-up command. kitty allows you to do this by pressing the ctrl+shift+h key-combination, which will open the scrollback buffer in your favorite pager program (which is less by default). Colors and text formatting are preserved. You can explore the scrollback buffer comfortably within the pager.

Additionally, you can pipe the contents of the scrollback buffer to an arbitrary, command running in a new window, tab or overlay, for example:

map f1 launch --stdin-source=@screen_scrollback --stdin-add-formatting less +G -R

Would open the scrollback buffer in a new window when you press the F1 key. See ctrl+shift+h for details.

If you want to use it with an editor such as vim to get more powerful features, you can see tips for doing so, in this thread.

If you wish to store very large amounts of scrollback to view using the piping or ctrl+shift+h features, you can use the scrollback_pager_history_size option.

Multiple copy/paste buffers

In addition to being able to copy/paste from the system clipboard, in kitty you can also setup an arbitrary number of copy paste buffers. To do so, simply add something like the following to your kitty.conf:

map f1 copy_to_buffer a
map f2 paste_from_buffer a

This will allow you to press F1 to copy the current selection to an internal buffer named a and F2 to paste from that buffer. The buffer names are arbitrary strings, so you can define as many such buffers as you need.

Marks

kitty has the ability to mark text on the screen based on regular expressions. This can be useful to highlight words or phrases when browsing output from long running programs or similar. To learn how this feature works, see Mark text on screen.