Build from source#

Build status

kitty is designed to run from source, for easy hack-ability. Make sure the following dependencies are installed first.

Note

If you just want to test the latest changes to kitty, you don’t need to build from source. Instead install the latest nightly build.

Note

If you are making small changes only to the Python parts of kitty, there is no need to build kitty at all, instead, assuming you have installed the official kitty binaries, you can simply set the KITTY_DEVELOP_FROM enviroment variable to point to the directory into which you have checked out the kitty source code. kitty will then load its Python code from there. You should use a version of the source that matches the binary version as closely as possible, since the two are tightly coupled.

Dependencies#

Run-time dependencies:

  • python >= 3.8

  • harfbuzz >= 2.2.0

  • zlib

  • libpng

  • liblcms2

  • librsync

  • openssl

  • freetype (not needed on macOS)

  • fontconfig (not needed on macOS)

  • libcanberra (not needed on macOS)

  • ImageMagick (optional, needed to use the kitty +kitten icat tool to display images in the terminal)

  • pygments (optional, needed for syntax highlighting in kitty +kitten diff)

Build-time dependencies:

  • gcc or clang

  • pkg-config

  • For building on Linux in addition to the above dependencies you might also need to install the following packages, if they are not already installed by your distro:

    • libdbus-1-dev

    • libxcursor-dev

    • libxrandr-dev

    • libxi-dev

    • libxinerama-dev

    • libgl1-mesa-dev

    • libxkbcommon-x11-dev

    • libfontconfig-dev

    • libx11-xcb-dev

    • liblcms2-dev

    • libpython3-dev

    • librsync-dev

Install and run from source#

git clone https://github.com/kovidgoyal/kitty && cd kitty

Now build the native code parts of kitty with the following command:

make

You can run kitty, as:

./kitty/launcher/kitty

If that works, you can create a symlink to the launcher in ~/bin or some other directory on your PATH so that you can run kitty using just kitty.

To have the kitty documentation available locally, run:

python3 -m pip install -r docs/requirements.txt && make docs

Building kitty.app on macOS from source#

Run:

python3 -m pip install -r docs/requirements.txt && make docs
make app

Building the docs needs to be done only once.

This kitty.app unlike the released one does not include its own copy of Python and the other dependencies. So if you ever un-install/upgrade those dependencies you might have to rebuild the app.

Note

The released kitty.dmg includes all dependencies, unlike the kitty.app built above and is built automatically by using the bypy framework however, that is designed to run on Linux and is not for the faint of heart.

Note

Apple disallows certain functionality, such as notifications for unsigned applications. If you need this functionality, you can try signing the built kitty.app with a self signed certificate, see for example, here.

Note

If you are facing issues with linker while building, try with a brew installed Python instead, see #289 for more discussion.

Build and run from source with Nix#

On NixOS or any other Linux or macOS system with the Nix package manager installed, execute nix-shell to create the correct environment to build kitty or use nix-shell --pure instead to eliminate most of the influence of the outside system, e.g. globally installed packages. nix-shell will automatically fetch all required dependencies and make them available in the newly spawned shell.

Then proceed with make or make app according to the platform specific instructions above.

Debug builds#

A basic debug build can be done with:

make debug

This includes debug info in the binary for better traces. To build with address sanitizer, use:

make asan

Which will result in a debug binary that uses the address sanitizer as well.

Notes for Linux/macOS packagers#

The released kitty source code is available as a tarball from the GitHub releases page.

While kitty does use Python, it is not a traditional Python package, so please do not install it in site-packages. Instead run:

python3 setup.py linux-package

This will install kitty into the directory linux-package. You can run kitty with linux-package/bin/kitty. All the files needed to run kitty will be in linux-package/lib/kitty. The terminfo file will be installed into linux-package/share/terminfo. Simply copy these files into /usr to install kitty. In other words, linux-package is the staging area into which kitty is installed. You can choose a different staging area, by passing the --prefix argument to setup.py.

You should probably split kitty into three packages:

kitty-terminfo

Installs the terminfo file

kitty-shell-integration

Installs the shell integration scripts (the contents of the shell-integration directory in the kitty source code), probably to /usr/share/kitty/shell-integration

kitty

Installs the main program

This allows users to install the terminfo and shell integration files on servers into which they ssh, without needing to install all of kitty. The shell integration files must still be present in lib/kitty/shell-integration when installing the kitty main package as the kitty program expects to find them there.

Note

You need a couple of extra dependencies to build linux-package. tic to compile terminfo files, usually found in the development package of ncurses. Also, if you are building from a git checkout instead of the released source code tarball, you will need to install the dependencies from docs/requirements.txt to build the kitty documentation. They can be installed most easily with python -m pip -r docs/requirements.txt.

This applies to creating packages for kitty for macOS package managers such as Homebrew or MacPorts as well.