Marks

kitty has the ability to mark text on the screen based on regular expressions. This can be useful to highlight words or phrases when browsing output from long running programs or similar. Lets start with a few examples:

Suppose we want to be able to highlight the word ERROR in the current window. Add the following to kitty.conf:

map f1 toggle_marker text 1 ERROR

Now when you press F1 all instances of the word ERROR will be highlighted. To turn off the highlighting, press F1 again. If you want to make it case-insensitive, use:

map f1 toggle_marker itext 1 ERROR

To make it match only complete words, use:

map f1 toggle_marker regex 1 \bERROR\b

Suppose you want to highlight both ERROR and WARNING, case insensitively:

map f1 toggle_marker iregex 1 \bERROR\b 2 \bWARNING\b

kitty supports up to 3 mark groups (the numbers in the commands above). You can control the colors used for these groups in kitty.conf with:

mark1_foreground red
mark1_background gray
mark2_foreground green
...

Note

For performance reasons, matching is done per line only, and only when that line is altered in any way. So you cannot match text that stretches across multiple lines.

Creating markers dynamically

If you want to create markers dynamically rather than pre-defining them in kitty.conf you can do so as follows:

map f1 create_marker
map f2 remove_marker

Then pressing F1 will allow you to enter the marker definition and set it and pressing F2 will remove the marker.

You can also use the facilities for Controlling kitty from scripts or the shell to dynamically add/remove markers.

Scrolling to marks

kitty has an action to scroll to the next line that contains a mark. You can use it by mapping it to some shortcut in kitty.conf:

map ctrl+p scroll_to_mark prev
map ctrl+n scroll_to_mark next

Then pressing ctrl+p will scroll to the first line in the scrollback buffer above the current top line that contains a mark. Pressing ctrl+n will scroll to show the first line below the current last line that contains a mark. If you wish to jump to a mark of a specific type, you can add that to the mapping:

map ctrl+1 scroll_to_mark prev 1

Which will scroll only to marks of type 1.

The full syntax for creating marks

The syntax of the toggle_marker command is:

toggle_marker <marker-type> <specification>

Here marker-type is one of:

  • text - simple substring matching

  • itext - case-insensitive substring matching

  • regex - A python regular expression

  • iregex - A case-insensitive python regular expression

  • function - An arbitrary function defined in a python file, see Arbitrary marker functions.

Arbitrary marker functions

You can create your own marker functions. Create a python file named mymarker.py and in it create a marker function. This function receives the text of the line as input and must yield three numbers, the starting character position, the ending character position and the mark group (1-3). For example:

def marker(text):
    # Function to highlight the letter X
    for i, ch in enumerate(text):
        if ch.lower() == 'x':
            yield i, i, 3

Save this file somewhere and in kitty.conf, use:

map f1 toggle_marker function /path/to/mymarker.py

If you save the file in the kitty config directory, you can use:

map f1 toggle_marker function mymarker.py