Custom kittens

You can easily create your own kittens to extend kitty. They are just terminal programs written in Python. When launching a kitten, kitty will open an overlay window over the current window and optionally pass the contents of the current window/scrollback to the kitten over its STDIN. The kitten can then perform whatever actions it likes, just as a normal terminal program. After execution of the kitten is complete, it has access to the running kitty instance so it can perform arbitrary actions such as closing windows, pasting text, etc.

Let's see a simple example of creating a kitten. It will ask the user for some input and paste it into the terminal window.

Create a file in the kitty config folder, ~/.config/kitty/mykitten.py (you might need to adjust the path to wherever the kitty config folder is on your machine).

from typing import List
from kitty.boss import Boss

def main(args: List[str]) -> str:
    # this is the main entry point of the kitten, it will be executed in
    # the overlay window when the kitten is launched
    answer = input('Enter some text: ')
    # whatever this function returns will be available in the
    # handle_result() function
    return answer

def handle_result(args: List[str], answer: str, target_window_id: int, boss: Boss) -> None:
    # get the kitty window into which to paste answer
    w = boss.window_id_map.get(target_window_id)
    if w is not None:
        w.paste(answer)

Now in kitty.conf add the lines:

map ctrl+k kitten mykitten.py

Start kitty and press ctrl+k and you should see the kitten running. The best way to develop your own kittens is to modify one of the built in kittens. Look in the kittens sub-directory of the kitty source code for those. Or see below for a list of third-party kittens, that other kitty users have created.

Passing arguments to kittens

You can pass arguments to kittens by defining them in the map directive in kitty.conf. For example:

map ctrl+k kitten mykitten.py arg1 arg2

These will be available as the args parameter in the main() and handle_result() functions. Note also that the current working directory of the kitten is set to the working directory of whatever program is running in the active kitty window. The special argument @selection is replaced by the currently selected text in the active kitty window.

Passing the contents of the screen to the kitten

If you would like your kitten to have access to the contents of the screen and/or the scrollback buffer, you just need to add an annotation to the handle_result() function, telling kitty what kind of input your kitten would like. For example:

# in main, STDIN is for the kitten process and will contain
# the contents of the screen
def main(args):
    return sys.stdin.read()

# in handle_result, STDIN is for the kitty process itself, rather
# than the kitten process and should not be read from.
from kittens.tui.handler import result_handler
@result_handler(type_of_input='text')
def handle_result(args, stdin_data, target_window_id, boss):
    pass

This will send the plain text of the active window to the kitten's STDIN. For text with formatting escape codes, use ansi instead. If you want line wrap markers as well, use screen-ansi or just screen. For the scrollback buffer as well, use history, ansi-history or screen-history. To get the currently selected text, use selection.

Using kittens to script kitty, without any terminal UI

If you would like your kitten to script kitty, without bothering to write a terminal program, you can tell the kittens system to run the handle_result() function without first running the main() function.

For example, here is a kitten that "zooms/unzooms" the current terminal window by switching to the stack layout or back to the previous layout.

Create a file in the kitty config folder, ~/.config/kitty/zoom_toggle.py

def main(args):
    pass

from kittens.tui.handler import result_handler
@result_handler(no_ui=True)
def handle_result(args, answer, target_window_id, boss):
    tab = boss.active_tab
    if tab is not None:
        if tab.current_layout.name == 'stack':
            tab.last_used_layout()
        else:
            tab.goto_layout('stack')

Now in kitty.conf add:

map f11 kitten zoom_toggle.py

Pressing F11 will now act as a zoom toggle function. You can get even more fancy, switching the kitty OS window to fullscreen as well as changing the layout, by simply adding the line:

boss.toggle_fullscreen()

To the handle_result() function, above.

Sending mouse events

If the program running in a window is receiving mouse events you can simulate those using:

from kitty.fast_data_types import send_mouse_event
send_mouse_event(screen, x, y, button, action, mods)

screen is the screen attribute of the window you want to send the event to. x and y are the 0-indexed coordinates. button is a number using the same numbering as X11 (left: 1, middle: 2, right: 3, scroll up: 4, scroll down: 5, scroll left: 6, scroll right: 7, back: 8, forward: 9). action is one of PRESS, RELEASE, DRAG or MOVE. mods is a bitmask of GLFW_MOD_{mod} where {mod} is one of SHIFT, CONTROL or ALT. All the mentioned constants are imported from kitty.fast_data_types.

For example, to send a left click at position x: 2, y: 3 to the active window:

from kitty.fast_data_types import send_mouse_event, PRESS
send_mouse_event(boss.active_window.screen, 2, 3, 1, PRESS, 0)

The function will only send the event if the program is receiving events of that type, and will return True if it sent the event, and False if not.

Debugging kittens

The part of the kitten that runs in main() is just a normal program and the output of print statements will be visible in the kitten window. Or alternately, you can use:

from kittens.tui.loop import debug
debug('whatever')

The debug() function is just like print() except that the output will appear in the STDOUT of the kitty process inside which the kitten is running.

The handle_result() part of the kitten runs inside the kitty process. The output of print statements will go to the STDOUT of the kitty process. So if you run kitty from another kitty instance, the output will be visible in the first kitty instance.

Kittens created by kitty users

vim-kitty-navigator

Allows you to navigate seamlessly between vim and kitty splits using a consistent set of hotkeys.

smart-scroll

Makes the kitty scroll bindings work in full screen applications

insert password

Insert a password from a CLI password manager, taking care to only do it at a password prompt.

weechat-hints

URL hints kitten for WeeChat that works without having to use WeeChat's raw-mode.